Samoyed, also known as Samy, is a delightful dog with a splendid white coat. One sensational trait of it is their “Samoyed Smile,” which converts into a smile when they are happy. The dog’s large breed features a sturdy body, straight back, well-developed muscles along the spine and chest, strong neck, and a long, bushy tail that curls over its back. 

The Samy’s head is of medium length, with large brown eyes, strong black lips that can form various expressions, and broad, square-set, erect ears. They have a thick, soft undercoat beneath a harsh outer coat. The outer coat is resistant to water and stands straight from the body. Their coat can be pure white, white and biscuit, or cream, with silver tips in the outer coat. 

Characteristics of a Samoyed

Samoyeds are especially playful with their families and have a friendly temperament towards strangers, children, and pets alike. This breed has a long history of working with other animals, so this breed only need basic socialization to maintain their sociable personalities. However, they do have a prey drive, so they may need training to prevent them from chasing smaller dogs or cats. As high-energy dogs, they are best suited for owners who have enough time to meet their daily exercise and training needs.

These dogs can manage in warm temperatures, but don’t be surprised if your Samy refuses to come inside during cold weather. Like other Arctic breeds, snowy days are a cause for celebration in a Samoyed’s mind, and your dog will likely be especially happy to play outside or bury themselves in snowdrifts. Some owners even provide kiddie pools filled with ice during the summer months as a special treat for this breed to play in.

History of the Samoyed 

Samoyeds descended from Nordic European Spitz dogs. This breed derived its name from the Samoyedic peoples, who made them an integral part of their lives. They used Samoyeds for herding reindeer, pulling sleds, and keeping their camps warm during the night. Initially, the breed had various colors, but eventually, white became predominant. Arctic explorers used it as sled dogs. 

The first Samoyeds arrived in Britain at the end of the 19th century and shortly after in America. They have become quite popular as family companions and show dogs. In 2005, Samoyeds were ranked 75th among registered breeds by the AKC, with 154 breeds registered. 

Breed Statistics

Group: Working Group 

Height: Males: 21 to 23 inches, Females: 19 to 21 inches 

Weight: Males: 45 to 65 pounds, Females: 35 to 50 pounds 

Energy Level: High 

Physical Characteristics: Medium to large size, fluffy white double coat, erect ears, distinctive “smile” 

Lifespan: 12 to 14 years 

Colors: Various, including white, cream, biscuit, or white and biscuit 

Shedding: High (especially seasonal) 

Temperament: High, can bark to communicate or express excitement

Caring for a Samoyed

Samoyeds are friendly, playful, and alert dogs, making them excellent companions and family pets. Due to their thick, double-layered fur coat, This breed require regular brushing and do not fare well in hot temperatures. Pet parents should be aware that these can suffer from heat stroke in warm climates or during spring and summer in moderate climate areas.

These are powerful working dogs and do not tire easily. These dogs are best known for their sled-pulling abilities, herding, agility, and hunting skills. They require regular exercise and are very playful, active dogs that enjoy socializing with people and other dogs.


Samoyed is a high-quality breed, renowned for its beautiful white coat and extraordinary “Samy Smile.” These dogs are not only beautiful but also friendly, sportive, and highly sociable, making them notable partners for families and individuals alike. With a wealthy record rooted in working alongside the Samoyedic peoples, this breed has retained its robust painting ethic, requiring normal exercise and intellectual stimulation. While they develop in cold climates, right care and grooming are vital to preserve their health and happiness. Overall, the breed’s specific mixture of beauty, strength, and allure continues to capture the hearts of dog enthusiasts around the world.